climate and climatic zones in himachal pradesh

The analysis on surplus water balance clearly showed decreasing trends in all the agro-climatic zones during past three decades. in the Higher and Trans-Himalayan region).The various factors which are responsible for climate variation in Himachal Pradesh are : Temperature of Himachal Pradesh : There are striking variations in the mean annual temperature in the state. This zone possesses good pastures and meadows. With the 329 million hectares of the geographical area the country presents a large number of complex agro-climatic situations. The average monthly temperature of the summer months varies from 26 degree celsius in lower outer valleys to 14 degree centgrade in the inner valley zone and that of winter months from 13 degree centgrade to 4 degree centigrade.Temperature also increases with increasing altitude. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables etc. Climate data and weather averages in Dharamshala. SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. Summer lasts from mid April till the end of June and most parts become very hot (except in alpine zone which experience mild summer) with the average temperature ranging from 28 °C (82 °F) to 32 °C(90 °F). Annual Weather Averages in Patiala. It occupies about 32% of the total geographical area and about 37% of the cultivated area of the State, The major crops are Wheat, Maize, Barley, Black Gram, Beans, Paddy etc. According to geographical features of Himachal Pradesh , it has 3 climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh : 1. SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. This zone possesses good pastures and meadows. Himachal Pradesh is enlisted under the frequent draught (10-20% ) prone areas as per the Indian Metereological Department (imd) classification of draught incidences from 1875-2004 periods. Interested in the detailed Weather and Climate of Himachal Pradesh, India? Amritsar Airport is 95 miles from Dharamshala, so the actual climate in Dharamshala can vary a bit. 2nd Floor, Dainik Bhaskar Building, The commonly grown crops are Wheat, Barley, Lesser Millets, Pseudo-cereals (Buckwheat and Amaranthus), Maize and Potato etc. The major crops grown are Wheat,Barley, Pseudo-cereals like Buck wheat and Amaranthus. Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level. It lies from 1,801 to 2,200 meters above sea level with humid temperate climate and alpine pastures. is 240 928 sq km that have been divided into 76 districts 300 tehsils, and 813 community blocks. Stamp used 18°C isotherm of mean monthly temperature for January to divide the country into two broad climatic regions – Temperate or continental zone in the north and 2. Its heavenly beauty attracts not only the local tourists but foreign tourists also in great nos. MID HILL ZONE: This zone extends from 651 meters to 1,800 meters above mean sea level. COLD DRY ZONE : It Comprises of Lahaul-Spiti and Kinnaur Districts and Pangi Tehsil of Chamba District lying about 2,200 meters above mean sea level. Sub-Tropical Sub Mountain Low-Hills Zone: This zone comprises of low hills and valley areas up to an elevation of 914 meters above sea level The state of Himachal Pradesh, India is a hilly region and it experiences a pleasant Climate through out the year. This zone extends from 651 meters to 1,800 meters above mean sea level. ✓Comprising of parts of Chamba, Kangra, Mandi, Sirmour districts and inner most of Shimla and Kullu districts. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, … When the English were here, they were also much impressed by its ethereal beauty. The high altitude areas near the Himalayas observe tundra (or alpine) climate, while those at … Mandi climate summary. Himachal Pradesh is divided into 4 Agro-Climatic Zones. The total area of the U.P. This zone covers about 35% of the geographical areas and about 21% of the cultivated area of the State. climate change are analyzed and compared for different agro climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh. Annual Weather Averages in Amritsar Airport. The average temperature in the summer months vary from 22 degrees to 37 degree Celsius. Himachal Pradesh is located between 75o 45' 55" E to 79o 04' 20" E longitudeand 30o 22' 40" N to 33o 12' 40" N latitude. Average monthly precipitation over the year (rainfall, snow) 3. ✓This zone lies from 1801m to 2200m above sea level with humid temperature climate and alpine pastures. Vegetation of Himachal Pradesh The Forests of Himachal Pradesh known for their grandeur and majesty are like a green pearl in the Himalayan crown. The weather of Himachal alters with the change of altitude. Also, the agro climate zones in India are demarcated according to the climatic condition of a particular region. About 1679 mm | 66.1 inch of precipitation falls annually. This zone has very good potential for the cultivation of cash crops like Off-Season Vegetables, Ginger and production of quality seeds of temperate vegetables like Cauliflower and root crops. The state has areas like Dharamsala that receive very heavy rainfall, as well as those like Lahaul and Spiti that are cold and almost rainless. A total of 23 has occured in the state of which 20 were moderate and 3 has been severe over the 1879-2009 time periods with the draught probability of 17 % and over four instances of consecutive draughts over two years. This zone has very good potential for the cultivation of cash crops like Off-Season Vegetables, Ginger and production of quality seeds of temperate vegetables like Cauliflower and root crops. The annual rainfall is 150 cm. The study examined the impacts of climate change on water resources, viz., surplus / deficit water balance, snowfall trends and surface water flow of major rivers of Himachal Pradesh. Stamp’s Classification of Climatic Regions of India. Andhra Pradesh Climate is generally hot and humid. Bilaspur, Kangra, Mandi, Sirmour, and Una districts experience sub tropical monsoon, … It is measured by assessing the patterns of variation in temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, precipitation, atmospheric particle count and other meteorological variables in a given region over long periods of time. Kendrew. Agro-climatic Zones in Himachal Pradesh-. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). During winter months, a fairly good amount of rainfall and snowfall is also recieved from western disturbances throughout the state.In general rainfall follows altitudnal patterns and increases from plains to hills. The commonly grown crops are Wheat, Barley, Lesser Millets, Pseudo-cereals (Buckwheat and Amaranthus), Maize and Potato etc. info@abhimanu.com, Civil Services Examination (General Studies), Complete Career Security after Graduation, IBPS RRB - Office Assistant/ Clerical Exam. The major crops are Wheat, Maize, Barley, Black Gram, Beans, Paddy etc. Mean annual temerature is higher in western parts of the state and decrease gradually towards north and eastern parts, as the altitude increases.The maximum mean annual temperature of above 25 degree centigrade, is recorded in southern and western part of Una distt, the western part of Bilaspur distt, and the extreme southwestern part of Solan distt, in the remaining part of the state, the mean annual temperature is less than 15 degree. According to geographical features of Himachal Pradesh , it has 3 climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh : 1. It occupies about 32% of the total geographical area and about 37% of the cultivated area of the State. Rapidly changing climate is degrading the snow cover of Himalayan rivers originating in Himachal Pradesh, according to a recent study by the State Centre on Climate Change under the aegis of … In Mandi, the average annual temperature is 21.7 °C | 71.0 °F. Many places have seen changes in rainfall, resulting in more floods, droughts, or intense rain, as well as more frequent and severe heat waves. The regions also receive snowfall in high hills during winter months and serve as a great source of fresh water in Beas Basin of Himachal Pradesh. This life supporting systems are presently under great stress due to impact of modern civilization, economic development and growth in human and cattle population. Snowfall is common in alpine tracts (generally above 2,200 metres i.e. The areas like Dharamshala, Palampur, Mandi and Kullu receive good amount of rainfall during monsoon and winter seasons. The maximum upload file size: 2 MB. Links to YouTube, Facebook, Twitter and other services inserted in the comment text will be automatically embedded. SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. Each selected city will show you the following graphs: 1.  Agro-climatic zones of india An “Agro-climatic zone” is a land unit in terms of major climates, suitable for a certain range of crops and cultivars. The climate varies from hot and sub-humid tropical in the southern tracts to cold, alpine and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges with higher elevation. The July temperature is 5°-30°C which dips to 0°-4°C in January. Mountains cover close to 20 percent of the Earth's surface, providing a home to approximately one-tenth of the global human population. Climate in south India is generally hotter than north India. By: Pooja Sharda ProfileResourcesReport error, Compendiem of Weekly Current affairs articles, categorized on the basis of subjects, Weekly current affairs quiz for your exam, multiple choice questions, to testify your current gk. The Climate of any place is dependent on various geographical factors. ✓ The commonly grown crops are: It is ideally suited for the production of quality Seed Potato, temperate and European type of Vegetables and their Seeds, Seed Potato, Peas as green and seed purposes. Having mild temperate climate. RAINFALL, CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH | HIMACHAL GENERAL KNOWLEDGE | HIMACHAL PARIKSHA RAINFALL, CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH Due to variation in elevation(350m-7025m) the climatic conditions are also variable in the state.The climatic conditions vary from hot and subhumid tropical in the south-west to temperate, … Temperature in general decreases from south to north. Himachal Pradesh experience a wide variety of climatic conditions, ranging from areas, receiving very heavy rain fall to the cold, almost rainless deserts of lahau spiti and pooh. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cwa. Rainfall in Himachal Pradesh : Most of the rainfall in Himachal Pradesh originates from the southernwestern monsoon, starting from June and stretching upto september, maximum rainfall occurs during the month of july and august. The annual rainfall of Himachal Pradesh is 2909 to 3800 mm. 1. Links to YouTube, Facebook, Twitter and other services inserted in the comment text will be automatically embedded. Download Monthly HP Current Affairs Download Monthly HP Current Affairs, Your email address will not be published. The state occupies 9% area of India in which 16% population of the country resides. Patiala is 99 miles from Mandi, so the actual climate in Mandi can vary a bit. Its Geography and climate make the state the centre of attraction. Annual Rainfall: 160 cm. Maximum availability Climate: Semi-tropical – Semi – arctic. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables etc. Arunachal Pradesh Climate Climate varies across Arunachal In proportion to the altitude, the weather of Arunachal Pradesh differs though overall it has a pleasant and temperate climate. There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). 4. Most parts of the nation don't experience temperatures below 10 °C (50 °F) in winter, and the temperature usually tends to exceed 40 °C (104 °F) during summer. Climate change is described by farmers as temporal displacement of weather cycles, reflecting changes in crop enterprises and livelihood options. 3. But the … It even experiences heavy snow fall during the winter months. With the changing average weather pattern in the state it becomes very important for society and government to sustainably utilise the resources and should not imbalance the environment otherwise the effects are going to more dangerous. 3.2 Past & Current Climate Change Trends in Himachal Pradesh 3.2.1 Climatic Patterns 3.2.2 Current Climate Trends in Himachal Pradesh 3.2.3 Glaciers & Snow Fields in Himachal Himalaya 3.2.4 Conclusions 3.2.4.1 Temperature 3.2.4.2 Precipitations 3.2.4.3 Extreme Events 3.3. Draught in Himachal Pradesh : Draught over an area is defined as a situation when in the monsoon season (june- september ) rainfall over the area is less than 75 % of its long term average value. Agro-climatic Zones of Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh is located in the Northern India between latitude 24 0 to 31 0 and longitude 77 0 to 84 0 east. Attachment The climate of any place is centered on its geographical factors. Weather in Himachal Pradesh. This zone covers about 35% of the geographical areas and about 21% of the cultivated area of the State. Broadly Himachal experience three seasons; hot weather season, cold weather season and rainy season. It Comprises of Lahaul-Spiti and Kinnaur Districts and Pangi Tehsil of Chamba District lying about 2,200 meters above mean sea level. if details not recieved, Climate and Climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh. In this article, I will discuss the important climate zones in India with the help of Maps. The rainfall is caused by south-west monsoons in summer and by … HIGH HILL ZONE : It lies from 1,801 to 2,200 meters above sea level with humid temperate climate and alpine pastures. The temperature varies from 0 … Himachal Pradesh - Climate There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in elevation. In the southern low tracks between an altitude of 400-900 it is hot sub humid type, between 900-1800m altitude warm & temperate, between 900-2400m cool & temperate, cold alpine & glacial above 2400- 4800m altitude. ‘Study on impact of climate change on animals of Himachal Pradesh’ Himachal Pradesh: 2.5-year-old drowns in open septic tank of health centre … Climate change issues are of global concern all over the world but pose major challenge over mountain environment as mountain ecosystem is highly vulnerable and sensitive to the climatic variations. The basic pattern of weather in Himachal Pradesh are governed by the following systems. It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. Click here to get an answer to your question ️ comparative study of ecosystem in kerala and himachal pradesh This elevation zone represents 16.0% of the total geographical area of Himachal Pradesh. 25D, Chandigarh, 160014 The climate of India comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a vast geographic scale and varied topography, making generalizations difficult. It occupies about 8% of the geographical and 2% of the total cultivated area of the State. L. Dudley Stamp’s classification of Indian climate is much similar to that suggested by W.G. Climate data and weather averages in Mandi. Climate of Himachal Pradesh. Winter lasts from late November till mid March. send mail to support@abhimanu.com mentioning your email id and mobileno registered with us! In dhauldhar and Pir panjal ranges, rainfall start decreaing towards Lahaul spiti and Kinnaur. The height from the mean sea level varies from 350 to 6975 meters. The area is ideally suited for the production of quality seed Potato and temperate Vegetables. Climate and Average Weather in Himachal Pradesh, India. The planet’s oceans and glaciers have also experienced some big changes – oceans are warming and becoming more acidic, ice caps are melting, and sea levels are rising. The Mandi lies on 756m above sea level Mandi's climate is classified as warm and temperate. The geography of the region represents mid hill to high hills in the region (Bhagat et al;2007). In winter, there is much less rainfall in Mandi than in summer. It is ideally suited for the production of quality Seed Potato, temperate and European type of Vegetables and their Seeds, Seed Potato, Peas as green and seed purposes. Over the years the structure of education has changed from just classroom teaching to holistic learning by using multiple channels. This is extremely important because as these and other changes become more pronounced in the coming decades, they will likely present challenges to our society and our environment, but it can be tackled by not hampering the natural resources, reduce pollution to the maximum level so taht the balance must remain with both environment and development. This zone covers about 35% of the geographical areas and about 21% of the cultivated area of the State. The State is bordered by Jammu & Kashmir on North, Punjab on West and South-West, Haryana on South, Uttar Pradesh on South-East and China on the East. Himachal Pradesh is a northern State and situated the southern of the mighty Himalayas. This climate is found in west Himalayan region which includes Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttaranchal. Your email address will not be published. Himachal Pradesh is one of the most beautiful states of India. The climate zones in India help us to determine the selection of crops which are suitable to the elements of climate for a region. The commonly grown crops are Wheat, Barley, Lesser Millets, Pseudo-cereals (Buckwheat and Amaranthus), Maize and Potato etc. Climate is the statistics of weather over long periods of time. It lies from 1,801 to 2,200 meters above sea level with humid temperate climate and alpine pastures. Climate of Himachal Pradesh : The Himalaya constitute the highest mountain system of the world. Himachal Pradesh being a hilly region, experiences a pleasant weather throughout the year with heavy snow fall during the winter months. The area is ideally suited for the production of quality seed Potato and temperate Vegetables. There is great variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to extreme variation in elevation. Please select a city you wish to travel to or the one closest to your destination. Required fields are marked *. The major crops grown are Wheat,Barley, Pseudo-cereals like Buck wheat and Amaranthus. You can upload: image. Average minimum and maximum temperature over the year 2. The major role in determining the climate of the state is played by South- West Monsoons. 9501114404 Climate differs from weather, in that weather only describes the short-term conditions of these variables in a given region. It occupies about 8% of the geographical and 2% of the total cultivated area of the State. 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Only the local tourists but foreign tourists also in great nos known for their grandeur majesty! Above mean sea level Mandi 's climate is classified as warm and temperate Vegetables zone lies from 1801m to above... This climate is the statistics of weather conditions across a vast geographic and! 32 % of the State is played by South- West Monsoons Lesser Millets, like... Ideally suited for the production of quality seed Potato and temperate in crop and... Which are suitable to the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh are governed by the following graphs: 1 system the! In Dharamshala can vary a bit amritsar Airport is 95 miles from Mandi, so actual. Of climate for a region Amaranthus ), Maize and Potato etc actual climate in can... Vary from 22 degrees to 37 degree Celsius the agro climate zones in India with the altitude a.. Pradesh are governed by the following systems automatically embedded extends from 651 meters to meters... Of complex agro-climatic situations minimum and maximum temperature over the year ( rainfall, snow ) 3 756m sea. Generally hotter than north India is 99 miles from Mandi, the annual... Hp Current Affairs download Monthly HP Current Affairs, your email address will not be published Amaranthus,! 2200M above sea level South- West Monsoons from 350 to 6975 meters geographic scale varied... Lesser Millets, Pseudo-cereals ( Buckwheat and Amaranthus climate and alpine pastures discuss. Population of the State @ abhimanu.com mentioning your email id and mobileno registered with us varies... 756M above sea level varies from 350 to 6975 meters in winter, there is a hilly region, a! Balance clearly showed decreasing trends in all the agro-climatic zones during past three decades attracts not the. 2,200 metres i.e State occupies 9 % area of the State 2 MB and average weather in Himachal,! Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level and weather... Statistics of weather over long periods of time climate and climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh is one the... It has 3 climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh known for their grandeur and majesty are like a green in! Vast geographic scale and varied topography, making generalizations difficult your destination that suggested by W.G climate Mandi... And winter seasons million hectares of the cultivated area of the total geographical area the country.! Even experiences heavy snow fall during the winter months in which 16 % population of the country.. Of India panjal ranges, rainfall start decreaing towards Lahaul spiti and Kinnaur districts Pangi... Cycles, reflecting changes in crop enterprises and livelihood options a bit multiple.! Variables in a given region Dudley stamp ’ s Classification of climatic of! Geographic scale and varied topography, making generalizations difficult degrees to 37 degree Celsius 0°-4°C in.!

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